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Outline

Rough outline for podcast (subject to change)

The first part of this episode is a brief introduction to the podcast; who I am, what my motivation is for doing this, and what I hope to achieve, and in the second part, we describe the geography of Greece (Hellas) and its natural resources

In this episode, we take a look at Creation, according to the Greeks; the Titanomachy, the Gigantomachy, and the ascendancy of the Olympian Gods; the creation of the first humans; the story of Prometheus and the first woman, Pandora; Deucalion and the great flood; and the progenitors of the various Greek tribes

In this episode, we leave the realm of myth and trace the development of early primate/human activity in Greece in the Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age), culminating in the domestication of plants and animals, the rise of the earliest villages, and the development of metallurgy in the Neolithic Period (New Stone Age)

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence for the early Bronze Age on mainland Greece and the Cycladic Islands; the arrival of the Indo-Europeans in Greece (known as the photo-Greeks); and the rediscovery and excavation of three legendary Bronze Age cities (Troy, Knossos, and Mycenae) in the latter part of the 19th century AD by the infamous Heinrich Schliemann and Sir Arthur Evans that brought to light the Bronze Age peoples dubbed "Minoans" and "Mycenaeans"

In this episode, we discuss the myths and archaeological evidence for the Minoans on Crete, who were an early source of cultural inspiration for the Mycenaean Greeks; the palace complexes at Knossos (north), Phaistos (south), Mallia (northeast), and Zakros (east); the volcanic eruption that blew apart the island of Thera in the mid-17th century BC and was a catalyst for the decline of the Minoan civilization (the inspiration for Plato's infamous description of Atlantis?); the ultimate subordination of the Minoans by the Mycenaean Greeks in the 15th and 14th centuries BC; and the decipherment of Linear B (an early form of Greek) by Michael Ventris in the mid-20th century AD

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence of the Mycenaean Greeks of the late Bronze Age (ca. 1650-1250 BC); particularly from the major palace centers in the Argolid at Mycenae and Tiryns, Athens in Attica, the island of Salamis, Thebes and Orchomenos in Boeotia, Iolcos in Thessaly, Amyclae (which is Sparta) in Laconia, and Pylos in Messenia; what the Linear B tablets can tell us about their society, economy, and religion; and their extensive trade network that spanned the entire Mediterranean

In this episode, we briefly discuss the Trojan War myth; the historical evidence for Mycenaean conflict in the eastern Mediterranean and Anatolia (by looking at the Egyptian and Hittite records); the archaeological evidence for layer VI and VII on the citadel of Hisarlik, i.e. ancient Troy (Wilion/Ilion); the Bronze Age collapse in both Greece and the Near East and its possible causes/explanations; the mysterious group of people known as the "Sea Peoples"; and the so-called "Dorian Invasion" southwards into Greece

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence for the early "Dark Age" during the 11th and 10th centuries BC, particularly at the site of Nichoria in Messenia and the pottery of the Sub-Mycenaean and Protogeometic periods; the emigration of mainland Greeks to the Aegean islands and the western coast of Anatolia; and the first great author of ancient Greece, a man named Homer, who gives us insight into the society and culture of the early Dark Age through his two great epic poems---the Iliad and the Odyssey

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence for the late "Dark Age" during the 9th and early 8th centuries BC, especially the Heroon at Lefkandi and the Keremeikos at Athens; Greece's cultural reawakening and reconnection with the Near East thanks to their contact with the Phoenicians; the development of the Greek alphabet and its impact on Greek cultural development; the establishment of three trading posts/colonies at El-Mina (in the Levant) and Pithekoussai and Cumae (central Italy); and the evolution of "Geometric" vase painting, especially on kraters and amphoras and their role in the funerary process
In this episode, we discuss the philosophy behind early Greek religion that was formalized in writing by Homer and Hesiod; the rituals performed when the Greeks worshipped their deities; the evidence for the earliest sanctuaries in the 8th century BC that developed hand-in-hand with the city-state and their increasing wealth (as seen through votive offerings); the development of the idea of Panhellenism; and the foundation myths, archaeological evidence, and importance for the four predominant Panhellenic sanctuaries that gained massive popularity in the 8th and 7th centuries BC (the sanctuaries of Zeus and Hera at Olympia, the sanctuaries of Apollo and Artemis at Delos, the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, and the sanctuaries of Zeus and Dione at Dodona)

In this episode, we discuss the community (demos), household (oikos), and economy (oikonomia) in the late "Dark Age"; its role as the foundations that led to the evolution of the city-state (polis) into a socio-political structure that brought about the transition from the "Dark Age" into the Archaic Period; and later Greek philosophical thought on the polis and polis identity and what it means to live in a polis beyond its physical space

In this episode, we discuss the transitional governments in the early stages of the centrally unified polis (oligarchia and aristokratia), as the waning power of the basileis becomes supplanted by a small landowning group of nobles; the economic and social divisions in the early polis between the nobles and commoners brought on by a spike in population in Greece; and the second great author of ancient Greece, a man named Hesiod, who speaks to us about life and society in the emerging polis from the point of view of the ordinary citizen, in his Works and Days

In this episode, we discuss the revolutionary changes in warfare that took place in the 8th and 7th centuries BC that were strictly Greek and reflect the abstract nature of the polis; the type of armor worn and weaponry employed by a typical hoplite; the organization and training of military forces; their application of tactics in a typical battle sequence; the cultic practices of the bloodlust god, Ares, who personifies the grim and horrific aspects of warfare; and the Lelantine War, the first large-scale war on the Greek record after the mythical Trojan War and the first instance in which these military changes were employed

In this episode, we discuss the causes of colonization (shortage of land, trade, and civil strife); the Greek emigration westward into Magna Graecia (southern Italy and Sicily), the coasts of southern France and eastern Spain, and on the islands of Corsica and Sardinia during the 8th, 7th, and 6th centuries BC; the development of the trireme by the Phoenicians/the Corinthians in order to protect their maritime trade networks from roving bands of pirates looking for ships laden with exotic goods; and their growing tensions in the central and western Mediterranean Sea with the Etruscans and the Phoenicians (specifically the Carthaginians) until around 550 BC

In this episode, we discuss the Greek emigration northeastward into the Chalkidiki Peninsula, Thrace, the Hellespont, the Bosporus, the Black Sea, and southwards into northern Africa during the 7th and 6th centuries BC; the reigns of the Lydian and Egyptian kings of the 26th Saite Dynasty and their relations with the Greeks until around 550 BC; and the development of coinage (first in Lydia and then its widespread adoption and adaptation by the Greeks in the 6th century BC)

In this episode, we discuss the new political phenomena arising in various parts of the Greek world in the 7th and 6th centuries BC, called tyranny, by focusing on four poleis in the Peloponnese in particular as case studies for its cause: Pheidon of Argos (the military cause), Kypselos and Periander of Corinth (the economic cause), Cleisthenes of Sicyon (the ethnic cause), and Theogenes of Megara (the unsuccessful attempt)

In this episode, we discuss the innovation taking place during the 7th and 6th centuries BC in the realm of vase painting (Orientalizing, Protocorinthian, Protoattic, black-figure, and red-figure), statuary (kouros/kore and reliefs), and architecture (Doric/Ionic temples, treasuries, and stoas) by looking at some notable works of Archaic art and architecture

In this episode, we discuss the literary changes that took place in the 7th and 6th centuries BC (moving away from grand epic to the more personalized lyric, elegiac, and iambic forms of poetry); and part 1 of 2 on the influential poets whose writings gives us insight into the economic, social, and political happenings that reshaped archaic age Greece

In this episode, we discuss part 2 of 2 on the influential poets whose writings gives us insight into the economic, social, and political happenings that reshaped archaic age Greece; in particular, we look at the turbulent history of late 7th and early 6th century BC Mytilene, which finds itself at the intersection of two great poets (Alcaeus and Sappho), tyranny, and one of the so-called "Seven Sages" (Pittacus), making it a perfect case study; and in response to all of these enormous economic, social, and political changes arose the phenomenon of the lawgiver, many of which were among the "Seven Sages"

In this episode, we describe the new schools of thought that began to percolate in the 6th century BC about our existence and role in this universe absent from the gods, and we detail the lives, influences, and various theories put forth by the earliest of these so-called "Pre-Socratic" philosophers; included among them are Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pherecydes, Pythagoras, Xenophanes, and Heraclitus

In this episode, we discuss the culturally unifying importance of Panhellenic festivals in the Greek world; the history and evolution of the athletic program of the Ancient Olympic games; how the various athletic events that the Greeks participated in were performed; some famous athletes and the larger than life quality they achieved; and the four major Panhellenic festivals (Olympic, Pythian, Isthmian, and Nemean)

In this episode, we discuss the early history of Sparta and its growing pains that ultimately led to its rise to hegemony over what modern scholars called the Peloponnesian League

In this episode, we discuss the political, economic, and social totalitarian system that made Sparta so unique in the ancient world

In this episode, we discuss the early history of Athens beginning with its mythical past, and how and why the later Athenians promoted and propogandized these myths, with a particular focus on their first king Cecrops, the contest between Athena and Poseidon for patronage of Athens, the birth of Ericthonius (the "love" child of Hephaistos-Athena-Gaia) who would go onto become king, the deeds and reign of Theseus, and the death of the final king Kodras fighting the Heracleidae; in historical times, the abolishment of the monarchy in the Dark Ages that gave rise to the oligarchic government (first by the Medontidai and then the Eupatridai); the social organizations of the Athenians; and finally the social and economic crises at the end of the 7th century BC that brought about an unsuccessful tyranny attempt by an Olympic athlete named Cylon and Athens' first written constitution, orchestrated by a shadowy figure named Draco

In this episode, we discuss the life of the great Athenian statesman, Solon, who from his position of sole archonship, enacted various economic, political, and legal reforms that would later form the backbone for Athenian democracy in the Classical Period, but in doing so he took a moderate stance to appease everyone, which didn't quiet the ongoing social and economic problems of the state and shortly thereafter factionalism set in, leading to the next phase of Athenian political history (in which aristocratic infighting led to instability for decades and ultimately to tyranny)

In this episode, we discuss the ascension of Peisistratos as the first tyrant of Athens and the political maneuverings that he and his two sons, Hippias and Hipparchus, took in maintaining (and sometimes regaining) their position, which included armed warfare, trickery, political marriages, and the expulsion of many of their political enemies (who would go and found several colonies in Athens' name); the economic reforms that Peisistratos and his two sons undertook; their patronage of the arts and public works in the Agora and Acropolis, as well as at other religious sanctuaries in Attica; their encouragement of religious festivals, especially the Greater Panathenaia and the Dionysia; and the ultimate dissolution of the tyranny brought about by the assassination of Hipparchus, the susbsequent cruelty and expulsion of Hippias, and the ascendency of Cleisthenes (with the help of the Spartans)

In this episode, we discuss the political struggle between Isagoras (who was now backed by the Spartan military) and Cleisthenes who ultimately was victorious, which allowed him to institute his overhaul of the Athenian constitution; the different democratic changes that he instituted in regards to the Boule and Ekklesia; and the consequences (both good and bad) from this new revolutionary government, including the gerrymandering of Attica into new tribes, the reorganization of the military structure, Athens' first diplomatic folly with the Persians, and the threat of war with Thebes, Corinth, Sparta, Chalcis, and Aegina

In this episode, part 1 of 2 on the Greco-Etruscan-Carthaginian relations during the 6th/5th centuries BC, we discuss the rise of Carthage as the dominant Phoenician colony in the western Mediterranean Sea

In this episode, part 2 of 2 on the Greco-Etruscan-Carthaginian relations during the 6th/5th centuries BC, we discuss the tyrannies that took place in Sicily in the first half of the 5th century BC at Rhegium/Zancle (Messana), Himera, Syracuse, Gela, and Akragas; the First Greco-Punic War and its aftermath/legacy; the decline of Etruscan power in Campania; changes in the Carthaginian constitution following the war; and finally, the explorations of Himilco and Hanno the Navigator

In this episode, we discuss the life, influences, drawbacks, and positives of the “Father of History”, Herodotus; and the political events of the Near East in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC that culminated with Cyrus overthrowing the Medes and elevating the Achaemenid Persians among the other chief powers of their time (the Lydians, Neo-Babylonians, and Egyptians)

In this episode, we discuss the conquests (Lydia, Ionia, Babylon) and administration of Cyrus, whose deeds and qualities were so exceptional that he earned the moniker "the Great"

In this episode, we discuss the political happenings during the reign of the Persian king, Cambyses, with a particular focus on Polykrates of Samos; the Persian conquest of Egypt; the failed campaigns in Africa against the Nubians, Cyreneans, and Carthaginians; and the “madness" of Cambyses

In this episode, we discuss the ascension of Darius to the Persian throne; his consolidation of the empire and eastern campaigns; Zoroastrianism and the role Ahura-Mazda played in his reign; and his reform program, with a special focus on his creation of a new script (Old Persian), his new capital of Persepolis, his bureaucratic satrapies, the Royal Road, his "sort of" Red Sea/Nile River canal, and the creation of and influence of the gold "Daric"

In this episode, we discuss the Persian conquest of Thrace, their failed invasion of Scythia, and the submission of Macedon that brought Persia right up to the foothills of Mt Olympus, at the very borders of mainland Greece; the diplomatic follies of the Athenians; and whether war was or was not inevitable, at least in the last decade of the 500s BC

In this episode, we discuss the events of the Ionian Revolt, beginning with Miletus' rebellion from the Persian Empire and ending with the sack of Miletus; the internal political happenings of Athens during the 490s BC; the Spartan destruction of Argos at Sepeia; and the early life of one of Athens' key political figures for the next four decades, Themistocles

In this episode, we discuss the events leading up to, the battle of Marathon itself, and its aftermath; the folklore that grew up after Marathon; and the internal political happenings of Athens during the 480s BC

In this episode, we discuss the ascension of Xerxes to the Persian throne; Xerxes' preparations for his invasion of Greece; the Hellenic league and their preparations to defend Greece; and the simultaneous land and sea battles of Thermopylae and Artemisium

In this episode, we discuss the events leading up to, the battle of Salamis itself, and its aftermath

In this episode, we discuss the tensions between the Spartan-Athenian alliance during the winter of 480/79 BC, their eventual makeup (sort of), and the Greek counterattack against the Persians in spring 479 BC, culminating in the twin victories at the battles of Plataea and Mycale, effectively ending the first phase of the Greco-Persian wars

In this episode, we discuss the aftermath of the Persian Wars and how the Athenians and Spartans both come to terms with the new state of affairs; the formation of the Delian League; and the political factions in Athens and Sparta and their struggle to dictate foreign policy in the 470s BC

In this episode, we discuss the battle of the Eurymedon River; Sparta's clashes with the anti-Spartan coalition of Argos, Tegea, Elis, and Mantinea; the assassination of Xerxes and eventual ascension to the Persian throne of his son, Artaxerxes; Themistocles' medism trial and his defection to the court of Artaxerxes; the revolt of Thasos from the Delian League; the debilitating earthquake in the Peloponnese; the ostracism of Cimon and the reforms and assasination of Ephialtes; and the severing of the Athenian-Spartan alliance

In this episode, we discuss the years spanning 461-454 BC, covering the early part of the First Peloponnesian War / "The Undeclared War" 

In this episode, we discuss the years spanning 454-446 BC, covering Athens' increasingly imperialistic behavior and the final years of the First Peloponnesian War

In this episode, we discuss the democratic machinations of Classical Athens; including the role the Athenian statesman Pericles had on the radicalization of Athenian democracy, the magistracies, the ekklesia, the boule and prytaneis, the law courts and jurors, contemporary critiques of Athenian democracy, and the economics of running the democracy (through a system of public donations known as the liturgies)

In this episode, we discuss the various types of ancient Greek musical instruments during the Classical Period and how and for what purpose they were used; and the lives and works of the three great 5th century BC lyric poets who pioneered the genre of the epinikion (victory ode)—Simonides of Ceos (556-468 BC), Bacchylides of Ceos (ca. 525-ca. 450 BC), and Pindar of Thebes (522-443 BC), as well as their connections with the lesser known poets Corrina of Tanagra, Lasos of Hermione, and Timocreon of Rhodes

046 Monsters and Heroes
In this episode, we discuss the importance of heroes in Greek mythology, the creation of various beasts and monsters, and the lives and accomplishments of various mythic heroes who often times fought against these monsters; including Cadmus of Thebes and the Ismenian Dragon, Perseus of Argos and the Gorgon Medusa;  Bellerophon of Corinth, Pegasus, and the Chimaera; the cursed family of Pelops and the Oath of Tyndareus; the Lapiths, the Centaurs, and the Centauromachy; Meleager, Atalanta, and the Caledonian Boar Hunt; and the troublemaking of Pirithous and Theseus

047 Herakles: From Zero to Hero
In this episode, we discuss the various myths of Herakles, his iconography and the various ways in which he was worshipped, and his role as a pan-European hero

048 Food, Wine, and the Symposium
In this episode, we discuss how and when the ancient Greeks consumed food and their diet; the economic, religious, and medicinal role of winethe festival of Anthesteria in the month of Anthesterion (late February/early March)and the Symposium (drinking-party)

049 Theater and the Dionysia
In this episode, we discuss the origins of drama; the Dionysia festivals, both Rural in the month of Poseideon (late December/early January) and City in the month of Elaphebolion (late March/early April), and the Lenaia in the month of Gamelion (late January/early February); the physical space of the theater; and the components of tragedy and comedy

050 Early Tragedy and Aeschylus
In this episode, we discuss what is known about the lives and works of the earliest tragic poets that set the stage for the first great Athenian playwright, Aeschylus, to make all sorts of theatrical innovations at the onset of the Classical Period; and we discuss the historicity and some of the major themes of his seven surviving plays--The Persians, Prometheus Bound, Seven Against Thebes, The Suppliants, and the trilogy known as the Oresteia (which includes Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and the Eumenides)

In this episode, we discuss the life, innovations, and works of the second great Athenian playwright, Sophocles; and we discuss the historicity and some of the major themes of his surviving plays—Antigone, Ajax, Oedipus Rex, The Women of Trachis, Philoctetes, Electra, and Oedipus at Colonus

In this episode, we discuss the life, innovations, and works of the third great Athenian playwright, Euripides; and we discuss the historicity and some of the major themes of his earliest surviving plays--Cyclops, Rhesus, Alcestis, Medea, and Hippolytus

In this episode, we discuss the plays of Euripides that he produced against the backdrop of the Peloponnesian War (Children of Herakles, Andromache, Hecuba, Suppliants, Electra, Madness of Herakles, Trojan Women, Iphigenia in Tauris, Ion, Helen, Phoenician Women, Orestes, and Iphigenia at Aulis, excluding the Bacchae)

In this episode, we discuss the Lenaia, the intricacies of Athenian Old Comedy, and what is known about the lives and works of the earliest comedic poets, including Aristophanes, whose eleven surviving works effectively define the genre today

In this episode, we discuss the Great Mother Cybele and her influence on the cult of Dionysos; some of the myths and the iconography of Dionysos; and Euripides’ Bacchae and the elements of Dionysiac worship

056 Classical Sculptures
In this episode, we discuss the innovation during the 5th century BC in the realm of free-standing statuary in the round, stelai, and architectural relief

057 Classical Paintings
In this episode, we discuss the innovation during the 5th century BC in the realm of vase, wooden panel, and wall paintings

058 Classical Temples
In this episode, we discuss the innovation during the 5th century BC in the realm of temple building (outside of Attica); included are the temple of Aphaia at Aegina, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Hera II at Poseidonia (Paestum), the Temple of Victory at Himera, the Temple of Apollo at Syracuse, the Valley of the Temples at Akragas, the Temple of Hera at Selinus, and the unfinished temple at Segesta, and the Temple of Apollo at Bassae

059 Olympian Zeus
In this episode, we discuss the mighty patriarch who ruled over Mount Olympus 

060 Hades and the Underworld
In this episode, we discuss the mysterious, shadowy figure of Hades (king of the Underworld), necromancy (the summoning of the dead), and Homer's description of the abode of Hades in Book Eleven of the Odyssey and then comparing and contrasting that with the description found in Virgil's Aeneid Book Six, all while taking a tour of the Underworld, its major features, and its inhabitants

061 Demeter and Persephone: The "Two Goddesses"
In this episode, we discuss the defining myth of Demeter and Persephone (that being her abduction by Hades), as well as the various ways in which these two were worshipped in the Peloponnese and in Magna Graecia (not including Eleusis and Athens)

062 Agricultural Festivals
In this episode, we discuss the Attic calendar year with a focus on the agricultural festivals; starting in the fall at the time of sowing we work our way around the year, month-by-month; particular focus is given to the Thesmophoria and the Eleusinian Mysteries but a dozen or so other festivals are described

063 Poseidon: The Lord of the Sea

In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Poseidon, the violent and unpredictable god who ruled over the sea

064 Athena: The Protectress of Athens
In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Athena, the goddess of wisdom, craftsmanship, and strategic warfare who served as a kind of symbol for the city of Athens and civilization in general

065 The Athenian Acropolis
In this episode, we discuss the construction, the history, and the significance of the main buildings on the Athenian Acropolis (the Parthenon, The Propylaia, The Temple of Athena Nike, the Erechtheion, and a few others); together, these buildings mark the high point of the glorification of Athens, and the Acropolis thus became a confident assertion of Athens’ cultural leadership of Greece, a bold endorsement of her self-image, and a dazzling instrument of political propaganda, with the result that many people later would consider the Athenian Acropolis to be the symbol of the legacy and the glories of Classical Greece

066 The Athenian Agora

In this episode, we discuss the construction, the history, and the significance of the Athenian Agora, and a description of its many civic buildings that served as the nerve center for Athenian democracy, as well as the rest of the Periclean Building Program (the Temple of Hephaestus and Odeon in Athens, the Telesterion at Eleusis, and the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion)

067 Hephaistos and Hermes
‪In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Hephaistos (the god of fire, metalworking, and blacksmiths) and Hermes (the messenger god of trade, deceit, travelers, and borders)

068 Travel, Trade, and Work
In this episode, we discuss the various ways in which the ancient Greeks traveled, whether it was via land or sea; the physical layout of the port of Piraeus and the commercial activity that took place there; the mining district of Thorikos and how silver was mined for coinage and how coins were struck; farming techniques and how produce/goods were sold in the agora; the various types of manufacturing workshops at Athens and how they operated; and the disdain that the elites held for the merchant and manufacturing classes

069 Slaves and Foreigners
In this episode, we discuss the notion of the barbaroi in Greek culture; the origins and philosophical theories for slavery; and the legal status and type of roles (and importance) that slaves and metics (foreign residents) had in the Athenian economy

070 Aphrodite: The Goddess of Seduction
In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty, love, sexual pleasure, and procreation

071 Love, Sex, and Prostitution
In this episode, we discuss Greek love and sexuality by examining the formal social institution known as pederasty; the various philosophical theories of love as described by Plato (through various speakers) in his treatise, the Symposium; the various methods in which Athenian males (and non-citizen women) were able to have sex; the depiction of nudity and genitalia in art and masturbation; the various types of female and male prostitutes; pictorial and medical evidence for the daily life of prostitutes and philosophical and comedic representation of prostitution; and the lives of several famous hetairai (Rhodopis, Thargelia, Aspasia, Phryne, and Neaira)

072 The Wrathful Queen
In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Hera, the queen of the heavens and wife of Zeus, and the guardian of women, marriage, childbirth, and the family unit

073 The Oikos and Private Life
In this episode, we discuss the basic designs of ancient Greek homes and what type of furniture, decoration, lighting, and so forth might be found in them; the physical and idealistic seperation between the gynakeion (women's quarters) and the andron (men's quarters); the pitfalls to ancient Athens as an urban city (such as the street-side defecation), as well as the benefits (such as the gymnasia); the religious sphere of the oikos, particularly the role Hestia played in it; and the different type of clothing, jewelry, and hairstyles one might have seen on an ancient Athenian man or woman

074 Marriage and Domesticity
In this episode, we discuss the legal status of women in Ancient Greece (including the dowry and the epikleros), the betrothal and marriage rituals, and the ideal of separation and seclusion for women (the evidence for and against it)

075 Pregnancy, Contraception, and Abortion
076 Artemis
077 From Childbirth to Adolescence
078 Death and Burial
079 Healing and Medicine (Asklepios)
080 Apollo
081 Oracles and Orphism
082 Magic, Sorcery, and Witchcraft (Hecate)
083 Sophists and Socrates
084 Philosophy and Science (Eleatics, Pluralists, Atomists)

Thucydides and the Origins of the Peloponnesian War
Pericles' War of Attrition and Plague (432-427)
New Strategies and New Faces (427-421)
Aristophanes
The Peace Unravels (421-416)
Disaster in Sicily (416-413)
Rebellions in the Empire (413-410)
The Defeat of Athens (410-404)

Xenophon and the March of the 10,000
Socrates and Plato
Late Classical Literature
Attic Orators
The Revival of Athens and the 2nd Athenian League
The Hegemony of Thebes
The Second Greco-Punic War
Late Classical Art and Architecture

The Rise of Macedon
Philip and Demosthenes
The Macedonian Conquest of Greece
Aristotle
Arrian and the Early Life of Alexander
The Conquest of Asia Minor and Syria
The Conquest of Egypt and Babylon
The Conquest of the Persian Heartland and India
Return to Babylon and the Death of Alexander

HELLENISTIC/ROMAN PERIOD

THE FOLLOWING EPISODES TO BE DETERMINED (potential topics to be discussed)

Wars of the Diadochi (322-275 BC)
The Antigonids
The Seleucids
The Ptolemies

Agathocles of Syracuse (317-289 BC)

The Hellenization of the eastern Mediterranean
Hellenistic Religions
Hellenistic Philosophy
Library of Alexandria and works of Hellenistic Scholars
Hellenistic Literature/New Comedy
Hellenistic Math, Science, and Medicine
Hellenistic Art and Architecture
Hellenistic Warfare

Early Rome
Coming of the Latins and the Genesis of Rome
Mythical/Regnal Rome
The Republic
The Struggle of the Orders
Roman Imperialism in Italy
Early Roman Republican Societal Structure and Values

The 3rd/2nd centuries BC
Epirus and the Pyrrhic War
Antigonus II
1st Punic War (in Sicily)
Ptolemy II, Antiochus I and II and the 1st and 2nd Syrian War
Ptolemy III, Seleucus II and III and the 3rd Syrian War
Demetrius II and Antigonus III
Philip V and the Social War
Ptolemy IV, Antiochus III and the 4th Syrian War
1st and 2nd Illyrian Wars
2nd Punic War (Massalia and in Magna Graecia)
1st Macedonian War
Philip V and the Cretan War
Ptolemy V/Antiochus III and the 5th Syrian War
2nd Macedonian and Spartan Wars
Aeolian, Syrian & Galatian Wars
3rd Macedonian & Illyrian Wars
Ptolemy VI, Seleucus IV and Antiochus IV and the 6th Syrian War
The Maccabean Revolt
4th Macedonian and Achaean Wars/Conquest of Greece
Senatorial Oligarchy and Roman Society in the late Republic
The Origins of Latin Literature
Reform Program and Ambitions of the Gracchi

Tour of the major Hellenistic Cities and Kingdoms
Hellenistic Athens
Pergamum and the Attalid Dynasty
Greco-Bactrian kingdom
Bosporus kingdom/Spartocid Dynasty
Bithynia, Galatia, and Pontus
Cappadocia
Armenia
Indo-Greek Kingdom
Nabateans
Parthian Empire
Hellenistic Massalia

The Mediterranean becomes Roman
The Ptolemaic Dynastic Wars
The Seleucid Dynastic Wars
Hasmonean Dynasty in Judea
First and Second Mithradatic Wars
Pompey's Eastern Campaigns/Conquest of Seleucids
Crassus' failed Parthian War
Caesar's Civil War
Octavian vs Antony & Cleopatra/Conquest of Ptolemies
Literature in the late Republic
The Hellenistic impact on Rome

POTENTIAL TOPICS TO BE COVERED IF I CONTINUE ON....MAYBE???
Greece in the Roman Period
Greek Literature in the Roman Period
The Origins of Christianity in the Greek East
Hadrian the Philhellene
The end of Greco-Roman paganism/closing of sanctuaries
Greece in the Byzantine Period
Greece in the Ottoman Period
Greek antiquarianism
Greece's War of Independence
Modern Greece
Walking tours of archaeological sites in Greece/Turkey