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Monday, May 15, 2017

044 - Democracy under Pericles

In this episode, we discuss the democratic machinations of Classical Athens; including the role the Athenian statesman Pericles had on the radicalization of Athenian democracy, the magistracies, the ekklesia, the boule and prytaneis, the law courts and jurors, contemporary critiques of Athenian democracy, and the economics of running the democracy (through a system of public donations known as the liturgies)

Greek wordsdemokratia (rule of the people), demos (the people), kratos (power or strength), philia (friendship), ekklesia (people's assembly), pentakosiomedimnoi (wealthiest class of Athenians), hippeis ("upper middle class" of Athenians), zeugitai ("middle class" of Athenians), thetes (the poorest class of Athenians), agoranomoi (those who looked after the agora), metronomoi (those who inspected weights and measures), sitophylakes (those who were in charge of the grain supply), hodopoioi (those whose duty it was to ensure that the workmen provided by the state repair the roads), hieropoioi (those who were chosen to make sacrifices and be in charge of certain religious festivals), astynomoi (city commissioners), euthunai (audit, public account of city's finances), graphe para nomo (indiction concerning the law that could brought by any citizen), prytany (one tenth of the year), prytaneis (those currently in charge of the Boule for a prytany), Heilaia (law court that heard all cases concerning treason and murder), dikastai (jurors), dikasteria (law courts), misthophoria (paid function, i.e. the money that jurors received), pinakion (bronze token used for jury allotment), kleroterion (device in which all pinakion were slotted), klepsydra (water clock used to keep time), sukophantai (sycophants, who tried to get wealthy through bringing prosecutions in the law courts), strategia (generalship), strategos (general), metoikoi (metics, i.e. foreign residents), eisphora (special tax during war on wealthy), liturgos (liturgy, a public service rendered by the wealthy), trierarchos (the liturgy that built and maintained a trireme), keleustes (those who set the pace for the oarsmen to row), epebatai (sailors who fought, i.e. marines), gymnarchos (liturgy that maintained a gymnasium), choregos (liturgy that maintained a Chorus for the dramatic competitions)





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