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Tuesday, September 6, 2016


In this episode, we discuss the inner-workings of Sparta's unique political, economic, and social system; included are the diarchy (dual hereditary kingship), the Gerousia (council of elders), the apella assembly), and the ephors (judicial overseers); the so-called Lykurgan land reform and the devolution of Sparta's economy; the roles of the Helots (slaves), the Perioikoi (non-citizens), and Spartan women; and the various steps of the agoge (Sparta's education and military training system) which created Spartiatai (full-citizen males)

Greek termsproxenoi (guest-friends to be diplomats in other city-states), pythioi (those who consult and receive prophecies from the Pythia in an official capacity), gerontes (elders), obai (tribes), hoi tuchontes (the lucky ones), autarkeia (economic self-sufficiency), kleros (a plot of land), apothetai ( “to throw away"), paidonomos (director of education), agelai (groups or herds), meirakion (youth), erotas (older lover), eromenos (younger beloved), krypteia (secret police force that terrorized Helots); Hippagrites (commander of the horse), syskenia (communal barracks), sussition (common dining hall), melas zomos (black broth), homoioi (similars), hypomeiones (inferiors), mothakes (bastard children), syntrophoi (companions), trophimoi (foster children), eunomia (good order)

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