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Sunday, December 23, 2018

086 - Early Astronomy

In this episode, part four of four on a series on Greek philosophy, mathematics, and science in the 5th century BC, we describe the earliest astronomical observations and calculations in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt and their influence on ancient Greek astronomy; the various planets and star constellations found in Greek literature, as well as the origins of the Zodiac; the earliest Greek astronomical speculations of the universe found in Greek mythology (Homer and Hesiod) and in Pre-Socratic philosophy; the Pythagorean model of the universe put forward by Philolaus; and the astronomical calculations made by Oenopides and Meton


File:Bo├Âtes IAU.svg
File:Big dipper from the kalalau lookout at the kokee state park in hawaii.jpg
File:Ursa Major IAU.svg
File:UrsaMajorCC.jpg
File:Hyades 40°N.png
File:Hyades.jpg
File:Orion IAU.svg
File:Antichthon.svg


Recommended Podcast Episodes for Further Listening:

Sunday, December 9, 2018

085 - Mathematics and Early Pythagoreans

In this episode, part three of four on a series on Greek philosophy, mathematics, and science in the 5th century BC, we describe the lives, influences, and various theories and discoveries made by Greece's earliest mathematicians, including Thales, Pythagoras, Hippasus and the early Pythagoreans, Oenopides, Hippocrates, Antiphon, Bryson, Democritus, and Theodoros


File:Thales Theorem 6.svg
File:Pythagorean.svg
File:Monad.svg
File:First six triangular numbers.svg
File:Tetractys.svg
File:Square root of 2 triangle.svg
File:Hipocrat arcs.svg
File:Lune.svg
File:Cube and doubled cube.svg
File:Neusis-trisection.svg
File:Escargot pythagore.png


Monday, November 26, 2018

084 - Pluralists and Other Physiologoi

In this episode, part two of four on a series on Greek philosophy, mathematics, and science in the 5th century BC, we describe the lives, influences, and various theories put forth by the Pluralist School (Anaxagoras, Empedocles, and Archelaus), as well as by various other Pre-Socratic physiologoi (aka natural philosophers) not associated with a particular school, such as Hippon and Diogenes of Apollonia, and the philosopher/medical theorist Alcmeon


File:Empedocles cosmic cycle concept map.svg

Sunday, October 28, 2018

082 - The Leader of the Muses

In this episode, we discuss the myths, iconography, and cultic worship of Apollo, the god of music, poetry, prophecy, truth, healing, medicine, plague, light, and knowledge, who served as a kind of symbol for young Greek boys to emulate
  
File:Muse reading Louvre CA2220.jpg
File:Muses sarcophagus Louvre MR880.jpg
File:Erato monte calvo.jpg
File:Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek - Melpomene.jpg
File:Polyhymnia monte calvo.jpg
File:Terpsichore from Villa Adriana (Prado E-41) 01.jpg
File:Thalia from Villa Adriana (Prado E-38) 01.jpg
File:Urania Pio-Clementino Inv293.jpg


Recommended Sources for Further Reading:

Recommended Podcast Episodes for Further Listening:
Myths and Legends Episode 91 Greek Myths: Fatherhood
Mythology Translated Ep 25 Equal Opportunity Offending
Mythology Translated Ep 74 Musing On Muses
MythTake Episode 04 Helios
MythTake Episode 20 Homeric Hymn to Apollo (Part 1)
MythTake Episode 22 Homeric Hymn to Apollo (Part 2)
MythTake Episode 23 Homeric Hymn to Apollo (Part 3)

Bibliography:
Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion.