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Tuesday, September 6, 2016


In this episode, we discuss the inner-workings of Sparta's unique political, economic, and social system; included are the diarchy (dual hereditary kingship), the Gerousia (council of elders), the apella (assembly), and the ephors (judicial overseers); the so-called Lykurgan land reform and the devolution of Sparta's economy; the roles of the Helots (slaves), the Perioikoi (non-citizens), and Spartan women; and the various steps of the agoge (Sparta's education and military training system) which created Spartiatai (full-citizen males)

Primary Sources:

Supplementary Resources (Videos, Photos, Other Podcasts)

Video/The Spartans (History Den)

File:Spartan running girl.jpg

Photo/Laconian Black-Figure Hydria with Gorgon's head, Sphinxes, and Cranes

File:Hydria gorgon BM B58.jpg

Photo/Laconian Black-Figure Kylix of "The Rider"

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