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Sunday, August 21, 2016

020 - The Intellectual Revolution

In this episode, we describe the new schools of thought that began to percolate in the 6th century BC about our existence and role in this universe absent from the gods, and we detail the lives, influences, and various theories put forth by the earliest of these so-called "Pre-Socratic" philosophers; included among them are Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pherecydes, Pythagoras, Xenophanes, and Heraclitus

Earliest "Pre-Socratic" Philosophers:
Thales of Miletus (624-546 BC)
Anaximander of Miletus (611-546 BC)
Anaximenes of Miletus (585-528 BC)
Pherecydes of Syros (ca. 580-520 BC)
Pythagoras of Samos (ca. 570-495 BC)
Xenophanes of Colophon (ca. 570-470 BC)
Heraclitus of Ephesus (ca. 535-475 BC)

Greek words: philos (love), sophia (wisdom), physiologoi (natural philosophers), physis (nature), logos (word, statement, order, reason, or account), physikoi (physicists), theologoi (theologians), arche (principle or primal substance from which all things began), symmachia (a fighting together, i.e. a military alliance), apeiron (indefinite and eternal substance), politeia (the constitution), ponera (something fundamentally wrong or considered toilsome), ainiktes (the riddler), skoteinos (the obscure), eris (strife), dike (justice), polemos (war)

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