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Tuesday, August 9, 2016

018 - From Epic to Lyric

In this episode, we discuss the literary changes that took place in the 7th and 6th centuries BC (moving away from grand epic to the more personalized lyric, elegiac, and iambic forms of poetry); and part 1 of 2 on the influential poets whose writings gives us insight into the economic, social, and political happenings that reshaped archaic age Greece

ca. 800-700 BC - The "Epic Cycle" was constructed, which includes the works of "Homer"
ca. 750-700 BC - Hesiod flourished
ca. 700-675 BC - Terpander and Thaletas instituted musical schools at Sparta
ca. 680 BC - Archilochus wrote the first non-epic poetry on the historical record
ca. 675-650 BC - Alcman, Tyrtaeus, Callinus, and Semonides all flourished
ca. 630-600 BC - Mimnermus flourished; Arian introduced the dithyramb to Corinth

Greek words: melos (song), lyra (lyre), aulos (flute-like wind instrument), e lege (woe cry), hex (six), pentos (five), melikos/lyrikos (lyric poetry), tenella kallinike (joyful greetings beautiful victor), parthenia (songs for maidens), andreia (courage)

Recommended Sources for Further Reading:
Text/Fragments of the Epic Cycle
Text/Primary Sources for Earliest Poets
Text/Fragments of Alcman

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