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Wednesday, May 11, 2016

008 - The "Dark Age" and Homer

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence for the early "Dark Age" during the 11th and 10th centuries BC, particularly at the site of Nichoria in Messenia and the pottery of the Sub-Mycenaean and Protogeometic periods; the emigration of mainland Greeks to the Aegean islands and the western coast of Anatolia; and the first great author of ancient Greece, a man named Homer, who gives us insight into the society and culture of the early Dark Age through his two great epic poems---the Iliad and the Odyssey

ca. 1200-1000 BC - following the collapse of the Mycenaean palace economy, famine and emigration set the stage for a massive population drop in Greece 
ca. 1125-1050 BC - the period following the Mycenaean Period is known as Sub-Mycenaean since the pottery is still recognizably Mycenaean but much inferior in quality
ca. 1050-900 BC - renewed artistic vigor can be seen in the pottery of the Protogeometric style, so-called because the designs are simple abstract geometric shapes like horizontal and wavy lines, circles, and semicircles within bands around the neck and belly
ca. 1050-900 BC - Numerous waves of emigration began eastwards into the Aegean islands and the western coast of Anatolia (Aeolia and Ionia)
ca. 900 BC - weapons and tools were beginning to be made with iron (i.e. the Iron Age), foreign trade resumed (at a small scale), small villages began to appear, and populations began to inch upwards at a steady pace
ca. 850-750 BC - composition of Iliad and Odyssey by "Homer"

Supplementary Resources (Videos, Photos, Other Podcasts)


The Trojan War and Homer's Iliad

Podcast/Hero (Part One) (Myth Dynamite) - Trojan War myth (part one)
Podcast/Hero (Part Two) (Myth Dynamite) - Trojan War myth (part two)



Video/Achilles and Lycaon: Iliad Book 21 (Foxwede History)

***Discussion of the main themes and lessons of Homer's Iliad***


Homer's Odyssey

***Two episodes that discuss Odysseus' various character flaws***

***Discussion on what the ancient Greeks believed about the journey of Odysseus and the search behind historical places and events in the myths***

Podcast/Homeward Bound (Myth Dynamite) - discussion of Nostos concept in Greek myth

***Discussion of Demodocus, Trojan Horse, and Homer's Meta-Epic***

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