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Wednesday, June 21, 2017

047 - Herakles: From Zero to Hero

In this episode, we discuss the iconography of Herakles, his early myths, his infamous twelve labors, his later life, his heroic persona and how he was worshipped as a pan-Hellenic divine hero, and his role as an apostle of Hellenism in the west

Mythic Characters and Events Mentioned: Alcmene, Amphitryon, Electryon, the Taphians, Sthenelus, Creon, Iphikles, Zeus, Hera, Eilithyia, Eurystheus, Tireseus, Linus, Thespius, the Cithaeron Lion, the Minyans, Erginus, Megara, the Nemean Lion (1st labor), the Lernean Hydra (2nd labor), Iolaos, the Erymanthian Boar (3rd labor), the Cerynean Hind (4th labor), Artemis, the Stymphalian birds (5th labor), Stables of Augeas (6th labor), Alphaeios, Cretan Bull (7th labor), Pasiphae, Minos, Horses of Diomedes (8th labor), Ares, the Bistones, Abderos, Belt of Hippolyte (9th labor), the Amazons, Demalaeon, and Autolycus, the red Cattle of Geryon (10th labor), Chrysaor, Medusa, Poseidon, Eurytion, Orthos, Cacus, Eryx, Aphrodite, Echidna, Golden Apples from Garden of Hesperides (11th labor), Cycnus, Nereus, Antaeus, Gaia, Prometheus, Atlas, Ladon, the Underworld (12th labor), Meleager, Theseus, Pirithous, Persephone, Hades, Cerberus, Deianeira, Achelous, RoleIphitus, Omphale, Laomedon, Hesione, Telamon, Teucer, Priam, Nestor, Tyndareos, Hippokoon, the Dioskouroi, Admetos, Jason and the Argonauts, Nessus, Philoctetes

Cultic terms: heroes theos (divine hero), Herakleion (Sanctuary of Herakles), Kynosarges (Athenian sanctuary of Herakles outside the city walls), Herakleia (festival to Herakles celebrated in the month of Metageitnion, or late July/early August), nothoi (non-citizen Athenians, who were the only ones who could be priests of Herakles), Herakles Alexikakos (as warder off of evils), oinisteria (ceremony given by Athenian boys embarking for military training), thiasoi (small cults that met regularly to celebrate Herakles), Iolaeia (festival at Thebes celebrated in honor of Iolaos, the nephew and lover of Heracles), Herakles Kallinikos (of the Beautiful Victory), Herakles Thasios (of Thasos)







Recommended Podcast Episodes for Further Listening:
Myths and Legends Episode 10B Hercules: Labor Intensive
Myths and Legends Episode 37 Hercules: The Best at What He Does

Myths and Legends Episode 93A Amazons: Wonder Women
Mythology Translated Ep 41 His Macculate Conception
Mythology Translated Ep 42 His Eccentric Education
Mythology Translated Ep 43 His Scandalous Career, Pt 1 – Fetch!
Mythology Translated Ep 44 His Scandalous Career Pt. 2 – Livestock
Mythology Translated Ep 45 His Scandalous Career, Pt. 3 – A Shopping Trip
Mythology Translated Ep 46 His Scandalous Career, Pt 4 – Reasons?
Mythology Translated Ep 47 His Scandalous Career Pt. 5 – Dog Walker
Mythology Translated Ep 48 His Happy Destiny Pt. 1 – Still Not Done
Mythology Translated Ep 49 His Happy Destiny Pt. 2 – Slavery Part Deux!
Mythology Translated Ep 50 His Happy Destiny pt. 3 – This is it Boys, This is War
Mythology Translated Ep 51 His Happy Destiny pt. 4 – Flaming Death
Mythology Translated Ep 52 Herculean Commentary