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Wednesday, June 21, 2017

047 - Herakles: From Zero to Hero

In this episode, we discuss the iconography of Herakles, his early myths, his infamous twelve labors, his later life, his heroic persona and how he was worshipped as a pan-Hellenic divine hero, and his role as an apostle of Hellenism in the west

Mythic Characters, Places, and Events Mentioned: Alcmene, Amphitryon, Electryon, the Taphians, Sthenelus, Creon, Iphikles, Zeus, Hera, Eilithyia, Eurystheus, Tireseus, Linus, Thespius, the Cithaeron Lion, the Minyans, Erginus, Megara, the Nemean Lion (1st labor), the Lernean Hydra (2nd labor), Iolaos, the Erymanthian Boar (3rd labor), the Cerynean Hind (4th labor), Artemis, the Stymphalian birds (5th labor), Stables of Augeas (6th labor), Alphaeios, Cretan Bull (7th labor), Pasiphae, Minos, Horses of Diomedes (8th labor), Ares, the Bistones, Abderos, Belt of Hippolyte (9th labor), the Amazons, Demalaeon, and Autolycus, the red Cattle of Geryon (10th labor), Chrysaor, Medusa, Poseidon, Eurytion, Orthos, Cacus, Eryx, Aphrodite, Echidna, Golden Apples from Garden of Hesperides (11th labor), Cycnus, Nereus, Antaeus, Gaia, Prometheus, Atlas, Ladon, the Underworld (12th labor), Meleager, Theseus, Pirithous, Persephone, Hades, Cerberus, Deianeira, Achelous, RoleIphitus, Omphale, Laomedon, Hesione, Telamon, Teucer, Priam, Nestor, Tyndareos, Hippokoon, the Dioskouroi, Admetos, Jason and the Argonauts, Nessus, Philoctetes

Cultic termsheroes theos (divine hero), Herakleion (Sanctuary of Herakles), Kynosarges (Athenian sanctuary of Herakles outside the city walls), Herakleia (festival to Herakles celebrated in the month of Metageitnion, or late July/early August), nothoi (non-citizen Athenians, who were the only ones who could be priests of Herakles), Alexikakos (as warder off of evils), oinisteria (ceremony given by Athenian boys embarking for military training), thiasoi (small cults that met regularly to celebrate Herakles), Iolaeia (festival at Thebes celebrated in honor of Iolaos, the nephew and lover of Heracles), Kallinikos (of the Beautiful Victory), Thasios (of Thasos)

Supplementary Resources (Videos, Photos, Other Podcasts)
Video/History Channel - Clash of the Gods - Hercules

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