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Thursday, April 21, 2016

006 - Mycenaean Greece

In this episode, we discuss the archaeological evidence of the Mycenaean Greeks of the late Bronze Age (ca. 1650-1250 BC); particularly from the major palace centers in the Argolid at Mycenae and Tiryns, Athens in Attica, the island of Salamis, Thebes and Orchomenos in Boeotia, Iolcos in Thessaly, Amyclae (which is Sparta) in Laconia, and Pylos in Messenia; what the Linear B tablets can tell us about their society, economy, and religion; and their extensive trade network that spanned the entire Mediterranean

ca. 1650-1500 BC - goods found in Grave Circles A and B at Mycenae show that the Minoans on Crete began to exercise a dominant influence on Mycenaean culture
ca. 1600 BC - two-wheeled chariots made their way to Greece, probably through contact with the Hittite Empire of Anatolia (Asia Minor)
ca. 1500 BC - Tholos (beehive-shaped) tombs began to appear in Greece
ca. 1450-1250 BC -  the apex of Mycenaean civilization after they surpassed the Minoans as the dominant commercial power in the Aegean region
ca. 1450 BC - Linear B developed (an early form of Greek)
ca. 1325 BC - Uluburun shipwreck shows extent of Mycenaean trade network
ca. 1300 BC - "Pictorial Style" in vase-painting developed
ca. 1300 BC - "Warrior Vase" shows changes in Mycenaean weaponry
ca. 1250 BC - "Lion Gate" at Mycenae was constructed

Greek words: tholos (beehive-shaped tomb), dromos (long stone-lined walkway leading to tholos), megaron (rectangular-shaped audience hall), wanax (lord or master), lawagetas (second in command/leader of the people), temenos (landed estate), telestai (high ranking group, probably priests), hequetas (high ranking officers, later hetairoi), kerosija (advisors to king, later gerousia), korete (governor of district), prokerete (deputy of district), damokoro (person in charge of each district's people), damos (people, later demos), pasireu (in charge of affairs at local village level, later basileus), doero (slave, later doulos), potnia (lady or mistress), wanerkatero (belonging to the lord or master, i.e. palace slaves), rhyton (animal shaped drinking cup), metuwo newo (feast of wine), wonoqoso (wine-colored, later oinops)

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