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Friday, April 8, 2016

003 - The Stone Age

In this episode, we leave the realm of myth and trace the development of early primate/human activity in Greece in the Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age), culminating in the domestication of plants and animals, the rise of the earliest villages, and the development of metallurgy in the Neolithic Period (New Stone Age)

ca. 200,000 BC - the oldest hominid (or primate) skull in Greece can be found at the Petralona Cave in the Chalkidiki Peninsula
ca. 50,000 BC - the Neanderthals migrate southwards into the Balkans (evidence specifically in Greece can be seen at the Kalamakia Cave in the Peloponnese)
ca. 40,000 BC - the first Homo Sapiens (known as the Cro-Magnons) enter onto the scene in Europe and begin to wipe out the Neanderthals mysteriously
ca. 20,000 BC - the earliest evidence for Homo Sapiens activity in Greece can be found at the Franchthi Cave overlooking the Argolic Gulf
ca. 10,000 BC - the end of Paleolithic Period / last Ice Age
ca. 7,000 BC - the "agricultural revolution" reaches Greece from the Near East
ca. 6,000 BC - Neolithic burial sites begin to take place in Alepotrypa Cave in Peloponnese
ca. 5,000 BC - Neolithic villages and permanent houses develop in Macedonia at Nea Nikomedeia and further south in Thessaly at Sesklo and Dimini
ca. 4,000 BC - metallurgy (copper and bronze) reaches Greece from the Near East

Supplementary Resources (Photos, Videos, Other Podcasts)

Video/History and prehistory - The Origin of Humans and Human Societies - "How do we know what we know about prehistory, the time before the invention of writing?"

History of Greece Ep 03 Human Evolution in 10 Minutes

The Heritage Podcast Episode 05 Paleolithic Man - "We search for the origins of man among the early hominids in the Old Stone Age, trying to answer the question “What Makes Us Human?” From Australopithecus to Homo neanderthalensis, how did our ancestors live, work, and worship in the world before history?"

The History of Food Episode 01 Human Ancestors and Prehistoric Foragers - "What makes us human? Humans are just animals who know how to cook. This first episode attempts to explain what humans and our hominid ancestors have been eating for the 6 million years since we first came down from the trees, how taming fire and cooking gave us our big brains and human culture, up through the foraging days of homo sapiens hunting and gathering in the Paleolithic."

History of Greece Ep 02 Sailing the Paleolithic Mediterranean - "Also known as ‘Archaeologists Found Some Really Cool Rocks on Crete and I Spend 40 Minutes Explaining How Exciting They Are’."

Photos/Asprochaliko Paleolithic Site
Photo/Hominid Skull from Petralona Cave (in situ)

Photo/Entrance to Franchthi Cave

Photo/Petralona Cave Tourist Path

Video/Franchthi Cave

Video/6000 BCE: Life in Greece & The Balkans - Neolithic Europe

Video/Reconstruction of "Avgi" / 7000 BC

Photo/Reconstruction of "Avgi" / 7000 BC

The Heritage Podcast Episode 06 The Neolithic Revolution & Climate Change - "We explore the revolutionary effect that agriculture had on early humans, and how pre-historic cities “cropped” up all over Eurasia. Before going into too much detail, though, we explain the phenomenon of the Ice Ages, and how the last one had to end before humankind could truly build civilizations!"

Video/Origins of agriculture - "How, why, and when did agriculture first emerge, and what were its implications on human society?"

Video/The Agricultural Revolution - "Investigates the dawn of human civilization and looks into how people gave up hunting and gathering to become agriculturalists, and how that change has influenced the world we live in today."

The History of Food Episode 02 Gardeners of the Neolithic - "Concerns the greatest turning point in human history since the taming of fire. The New Stone Age, when farming was invented and our species forever changed.  What were our lives like, what were we eating, and how those two questions are interconnected."

The History of Food Episode 03 Early Farming Around the World - "Come travel around the world and follow the Neolithic cultures that spread across it, including the very early farmers of Egypt, China, and Old Europe. Then come across the oceans to Mesoamerica, one of two places in the world where civilization was invented from scratch, and where a whole society was built on what became the number one crop of all time: corn."

The Maritime History Podcast Episode 01 Boating with the Ubaid People - "We journey to ancient Mesopotamia and meet the Ubaid people, the first to settle southern Mesopotamia. We'll see how the Ubaid people overcame the environment by instituting complex irrigations systems tied to the might rivers Tigris and Euphrates. We'll also see how the Ubaid people used reeds, their most abundant natural resource, to build a wide range of useful items, including houses and boats. We'll meet some modern-day descendants of the Ubaid people and see how their way of life can inform our understanding of the past."

Map/Neolithic Expansion in Europe

Photo/Early Neolithic house at Neo Nikomedeia

Photos/Sesklo Neolithic Site


  1. Ran across this series today and enjoying it greatly. Up to episode 4, looking forward to the rest of the journey.

    1. Glad you're enjoying it! Out of curiosity, how did you happen to come across The History of Ancient Greece (THoAG) podcast?

    2. I came across your podcast by googling "history of greece podcast" after listening to The History of Rome podcast. Yours popped right up. Thanks for the podcast!

  2. Just discovered you too..really enjoying your podcast..fabulous work on your part😉

    1. Thanks, Francine! I was new to podcasting in these earlier episodes so bare with me. I eventually find my "audio legs" :-)

  3. Excellent podcast.I really enjoyed it.Though i must say that 'the thinker' is rather a wanker(or malakas in greek) :p