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Friday, April 8, 2016

003 - The Stone Age

In this episode, we leave the realm of myth and trace the development of early primate/human activity in Greece in the Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age), culminating in the domestication of plants and animals, the rise of the earliest villages, and the development of metallurgy in the Neolithic Period (New Stone Age)

ca. 200,000 BC - the oldest hominid (or primate) skull in Greece can be found at the Petralona Cave in the Chalkidiki Peninsula
ca. 50,000 BC - the Neanderthals migrate southwards into the Balkans (evidence specifically in Greece can be seen at the Kalamakia Cave in the Peloponnese)
ca. 40,000 BC - the first Homo Sapiens (known as the Cro-Magnons) enter onto the scene in Europe and begin to wipe out the Neanderthals mysteriously
ca. 20,000 BC - the earliest evidence for Homo Sapiens activity in Greece can be found at the Franchthi Cave overlooking the Argolic Gulf
ca. 10,000 BC - the end of Paleolithic Period / last Ice Age
ca. 7,000 BC - the "agricultural revolution" reaches Greece from the Near East
ca. 6,000 BC - Neolithic burial sites begin to take place in Alepotrypa Cave in Peloponnese
ca. 5,000 BC - Neolithic villages and permanent houses develop in Macedonia at Nea Nikomedeia and further south in Thessaly at Sesklo and Dimini
ca. 4,000 BC - metallurgy (copper and bronze) reaches Greece from the Near East

Supplementary Resources (Photos, Videos, Other Podcasts)

Podcast/History of the World - Volume 1 - The Prehistoric World (24 episodes)

Video/The Origin of Humans and Human Societies (Khan Academy)

Podcast/Human Ancestors and Prehistoric Foragers (History of Food)

Podcast/Greece Before History (Casting through Ancient Greece)

Video/The Landscape of Early Greece

Photos/Asprochaliko Paleolithic Site

Photo/Hominid Skull from Petralona Cave (in situ)

Photo/Early Neolithic House at Neo Nikomedeia

Photos/Sesklo Neolithic Site

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